The Strength of the Left Communist Movement: Moscow, the Urals and the Ukraine

  • Ronald I. Kowalski
Part of the Studies in Soviet History and Society book series (SSHS)


How strong was the Left Communist movement in Russia in the first half of 1918? Surprisingly, little detailed attention has been paid to this question, particularly in Western studies. Admittedly, some generalisations have been put forward. For example, Leonard Schapiro remarked that in January and February of 1918 the Left Communists ‘enjoyed considerable support in the rank and file…’, while Stephen Cohen has gone even further, claiming that ‘at the peak of their political strength against the peace treaty, the Left Communists represented an enthusiastic mass movement, probably a majority in the party’.1 Little more substantial evidence has been offered. Even less has been said about the support that they possessed in the months after the peace was signed when they were in marked decline, apart, that is, from broad allegations that they retained strongholds in the Moscow industrial region, the Urals and the Ukraine.2 Questions of the actual extent of their support and why it should have survived in these regions have remained basically unexplored.


Executive Committee Peace Treaty Donets Basin Party Organisation Ordinary Worker 
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Copyright information

© Ronald I. Kowalski 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald I. Kowalski
    • 1
  1. 1.Worcester College of Higher EducationUK

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