Agricultural Cooperatives: the Nokyo System
Every town or village has its cooperatives (Nokyo). In all Japanese towns two types of cooperatives exist. There are multipurpose cooperatives (4300 in 1985) providing banking, insurance, welfare services, agricultural inputs, and general household necessities to all member farm households, as well as those ‘single purpose’ cooperatives (about 5000) comprising producers according to their sectoral specialization (vegetables, fruits, dairying, beef cattle, pig fattening, poultry, sericulture, etc.). All are organized in about 700 prefectural federations (see Figure 4.1), the functions of which increase with the growing sophistication and diversity of members’ demands (especially in non-agricultural matters) on their cooperative. At prefectural level these federations also have their proper union to facilitate coordination of activities and policies.
KeywordsBeef Cattle Agricultural Cooperative Farm Machinery Central Purchasing Grass Root Organization
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Zenchu, Central Union of Agricultural Cooperatives (Tokyo, 1984) p. 5.Google Scholar
- 3.Wolfgang Lemm, Japans landwirtschaftliche Genossenschaften (Hamburg: Institut für Asienkunde, 1977) p. 47.Google Scholar
- 11.Central Union of Agricultural Cooperatives, Agricultural Cooperative Movement in Japan (Tokyo, 1984) p. 20.Google Scholar
- 16.JETRO, Agricultural Machinery, Access to Japan’s Import Market Series no. 3, 1979, pp. 10–11.Google Scholar
- 18.Matsuura, Tatsuo and Morisaki, Morio, The Japanese Feed Market (Tokyo, 1985) p. 22.Google Scholar
- 23.Asi Market Research Inc., A Study of Dairy Products in Japan (Tokyo, 1979) pp. 26–7, and Japan Economic Yearbook 1981/82 (Tokyo, 1982) p. 59.Google Scholar
- 24.Asi Market Research Inc., A Market Study of Processed Meat in Japan (Tokyo, 1979) pp. 52–4.Google Scholar
- 30.Le Japon, Bulletin d’information de la mutualité agricole, no. 378, May 1986, p. 30.Google Scholar