Estimating the Impact of Integration on Manufactures: the Earlier Studies

  • Ali M. El-Agraa


As stated at the end of the previous chapter, the purpose of this chapter is to survey some of the earlier attempts at the empirical estimation of integration effects. The chapter begins with a section on Verdoorn’s pioneering study and goes on to consider the major earlier works, finishing just before Balassa’s (1967b) contribution.


Custom Union Tariff Rate Residual Deviation Trade Diversion Commodity Group 
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Copyright information

© Ali M. El-Agraa 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali M. El-Agraa
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Leeds UniversityUK
  2. 2.Fukuoka UniversityJapan

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