The African population’s initial incorporation into the modern Westernized sector of South African society was in the economic sector. The analysis of the elite’s socialization and career development in Chapter 2 and 3 shows that they internalized Western educational and achievement values by virtue of their participation in the modern economy, while they overcame constraints to the upward occupational mobility of Africans to acquire leading positions in modern institutional sectors, in some cases in direct competition with Whites. The question that now arises refers to the extent to which their internalization of Western values is limited to their economic activities and whether they have internalized other aspects of the Western value system. In this chapter, various aspects of their lifestyle (family life, religion, role in voluntary organizations and leisure) are analysed. The meaning they attach to their traditional heritage is discussed in Chapter 5.


Leisure Activity Private School Voluntary Organization African Community Rural Background 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    See Goldthorpe (1955).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Van der Walt (1977:43) and Mokoatle (1978:224).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See Higley, Deacon and Smart (1979:82–3) and Mills (1979:281).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See Moller (part 5, 1972:67–74).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    See Lloyd (1966:30) and Hopkins (1971:71).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    See Motshologane (1978). This is confirmed by Strijdom and Van der Burgh (1980:18).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    See Coertze (1972a).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cf. Motshologane (1978) and Strijdom and Van der Burgh (1980:10).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    See Kies (1982:16).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    See RSA, President’s Council (1983:47).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    See Goldthorpe (1955).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    See Mercier (1956).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    See Vorster (1970).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    See Schmidt (1973) and Mitchell (1966).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cf. McClelland (1963).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Moller (1978) and Moller (part 5, 1972:165).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    See Lloyd (1966:35) and Plotnicov (1970:280).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    See Pauw (1980:38).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    See Lloyd (1966:37) and Plotnicov (1970:288–90).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    See Kies (1982:16–19).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    See Fouche (1980:34).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    See AMPS (1985–1986).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    See Goldthorpe (1955).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    AMPS (1985–1986).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    See Kies (1982:27).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    See Kies (1982:27).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    See AMPS (1985–1986).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    See Plotnicov (1970:279) and Hopkins (1971:73).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    See Manwaring (1978), Dekmejian (1971:187), Wenner (1975:175) and Frey (1965:67).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    For example, Mkele (1961), Motshologane (1980), Marais and Van der Kooy (1980), Durand (1970), Van der Walt (1977), Koornhof (1984) and Pauw (1980).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    For example, Lloyd (1966) in respect of Tropical Africa, Plotnicov (1970) in respect of Nigeria, Lukhero (1966) in respect of Harare, Goldthorpe (1955) in respect of Uganda, Wallerstein (1965) in respect of French-speaking West Africa, and Mercier (1956) in respect of Senegal.Google Scholar

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© K.L. Dreyer 1989

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  • Lynette Dreyer

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