Mechanical and Thermal Properties

  • Christopher Hall
Chapter

Abstract

Everyday experience shows that polymeric materials display a remarkably wide range of mechanical behaviour, spanning brittle solid, rubber, leathery plastic, and strong fibre. Moreover, it is often evident that the mechanical character of a solid polymer is altered greatly by changes of temperature as small as a few degrees. In chapter 2 we saw that an amorphous polymer such as PMMA is brittle below its glass transition temperature Tg. At higher temperatures it softens progressively, turning gradually without any obvious discontinuity of property into a viscous liquid as the temperature rises.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Suggestions for Reading

Mechanical Properties

  1. Aklonis, J. J., MacKnight, W. J., and Shen, M., Introduction to Polymer Visco-elasticity (Wiley—Interscience, New York, 1972).Google Scholar
  2. American Society for Metals, Polymeric Materials: Relationships between Structure and Mechanical Behaviour, chaps 4, 7 and 9 (ASM, Metals Park, Ohio, 1975).Google Scholar
  3. Andrews, E. H., Fracture in Polymers (Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh, 1968).Google Scholar
  4. Andrews, E. H., ‘Fracture’, in A. D. Jenkins (Ed.), Polymer Science: A Materials Science Handbook, pp. 579–620 (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972).Google Scholar
  5. Arridge, R. G. C., Mechanics of Polymers (Clarendon, Oxford, 1975).Google Scholar
  6. Berry, J. P., ‘Fracture of polymeric glasses’, in H. Liebowitz (Ed.), Fracture: An Advanced Treatise, vol. 7, pp. 37–92 (Academic Press, New York, 1972).Google Scholar
  7. Bowden, F. P., and Tabor, D., The Friction and Lubrication of Solids, pt I, 1954; pt II, 1964 (Clarendon, Oxford).MATHGoogle Scholar
  8. Bowden, F. P., and Tabor, D., Friction and Lubrication (Methuen, London, 1967).MATHGoogle Scholar
  9. Briscoe, B. J., and Tabor, D., ‘Friction and wear of polymers’, in D. T. Clark and W. J. Feast (Eds), Polymer Surfaces, ch. 1 (Wiley, Chichester, 1978).Google Scholar
  10. Brown, R. P., Physical Testing of Rubbers (Applied Science, London, 1979).Google Scholar
  11. Bucknall, C. B., Gotham, K. V., and Vincent, P. I., ‘Fracture — the empirical approach’, in A. D. Jenkins (Ed.), Polymer Science: A Materials Science Handbook, pp.621–685 (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972).Google Scholar
  12. Ferry, J. D., Viscoelastic Properties of Polymers, 2nd edn (Wiley, New York, 1970).Google Scholar
  13. Ives, G. C., Mead, J. A., and Riley, M. M., Handbook of Plastics Test Methods (Iliffe, London, 1973).Google Scholar
  14. Kambour, R. P., and Robertson, R. E., ‘The mechanical properties of plastics’, in A. D. Jenkins (Ed.), Polymer Science: A Materials Science Handbook, pp. 687–822 (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972).Google Scholar
  15. Lee, L.-H., (Ed.), Advances in Polymer Friction and Wear (Plenum, New York, 1974).Google Scholar
  16. Moore, D. F., The Friction and Lubrication of Elastomers (Pergamon, Oxford, 1972).Google Scholar
  17. Moore, D. F., Principles and Applications of Tribology (Pergamon, Oxford, 1975).Google Scholar
  18. Moore, D. F., The Friction of Pneumatic Tyres (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1975).Google Scholar
  19. Nielsen, L. E., Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites, 2 vols, (Dekker, New York, 1974).Google Scholar
  20. Ogorkiewicz, R. M., (Ed.), Engineering Properties of Thermoplastics (Wiley—Interscience, London, 1970).Google Scholar
  21. Pomeroy, C. D., (Ed.), Creep of Engineering Materials (Mechanical Engineering Publications, London, 1978).Google Scholar
  22. Rabinowicz, E., Friction and Wear of Materials (Wiley, New York, 1965).Google Scholar
  23. Schultz, J. M., ‘Fatigue behaviour of engineering polymers’, Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, vol. 10 pt B, pp. 599–636 (Academic Press, New York, 1977).Google Scholar
  24. Sternstein, S., ‘Mechanical properties of glassy polymers’ in J. M. Schultz (Ed.), Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, vol. 10, pt B (Academic Press, New York, 1977).Google Scholar
  25. Treloar, L. R. G., The Physics of Rubber Elasticity, 3rd edn (Oxford University Press, 1975).MATHGoogle Scholar
  26. Turner, S., Mechanical Testing of Plastics (Iliffe, London, 1973).Google Scholar
  27. Vincent, P. I., Impact Tests and Service Performance of Thermoplastics (Plastics Institute, London, 1971).Google Scholar
  28. Ward, I. M., Mechanical Properties of Solid Polymers (Wiley—Interscience, London, 1971).Google Scholar
  29. Williams, J. G., Stress Analysis of Polymers (Longman, London, 1973).Google Scholar

Thermal Properties

  1. Anderson, D. R., and Acton, R. U., ‘Thermal properties’, in Encyclopaedia of Polymer Science and Technology, vol. 13, pp. 764–788, (Wiley, New York, 1970).Google Scholar
  2. Birley, A. W., and Couzens, D. C. F., ‘Thermal properties’, in R. M. Ogorkiewicz (Ed.), Thermoplastics: Properties and Design, ch. 8 (Wiley, London, 1974).Google Scholar
  3. Brandrup, J., and Immergut, E. H., (Eds), Polymer Handbook, 2nd edn (Wiley, New York, 1975).Google Scholar
  4. Hands, D., ‘The thermal transport properties of polymers’, Rubber Chem. Technol, 50 (1977) 480–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kline, D. E., and Hansen, D., ‘Thermal conductivity of polymers’, in P. E. Slade, Jr and L. T. Jenkins (Eds), Thermal Characterization Techniques, ch. 5 (Dekker, New York, 1970).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Christopher Hall 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Hall
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Science and TechnologyUniversity of ManchesterUK

Personalised recommendations