For many decades the utility of on-site inspections (OSIs) for arms control agreements has been an entirely theoretical issue. Now it is of real and practical importance. The United States and the Soviet Union have signed their first nuclear arms reduction agreement mandating intrusive inspections at sensitive military facilities. One year earlier, the thirty-five participating states in the Stockholm Conference agreed to permit observers at European military exercises and mandatory inspections on short notice when compliance is in doubt. Future multilateral and bilateral accords are likely to draw heavily on these precedents and expand upon them. The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) agreement may be of little military significance, but its verification provisions will become the baseline for discussions in the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START), which can have considerable military consequences.
KeywordsTransportation Radar Assure Fishing Defend
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