The management of pressure sores has always reflected the prevailing beliefs about their cause. Fabricius (1593) held that skin ulceration was caused by a ‘pneuma’ resulting from loss of nerve and blood supply to the skin. Even Charcot (1868, 1879) believed that pressure ulcers resulted from the action of a neurotrophic factor which caused tissue necrosis. As late as 1940 Munro stated that pressure sores were inevitable following paraplegia, owing to the loss of protective reflexes, and should therefore not be treated.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bailey, B. N. (1967). In Bedsores, Edward Arnold, London, pp. 88–89Google Scholar
- Bailey, B. N. and Khoo, C. T. K. (1986). In Barclay, T. L. and Kemahan, D. A. (eds), Rob and Smith’s Operative Surgery, Butterworths, London, pp. 696–712Google Scholar
- Brown-Sequard, E. (1852). Experimental researches applied to physiology and pathology. Med. Exam., 8, 481–504Google Scholar
- Charcot, J. M. (1868). In Arch. Physiol norm. et Pathol., Paris, 1, 308Google Scholar
- Charcot, J. M. (1879). In Lectures on Diseases of the Nervous System, 2nd edn, translated by G. Sigerson, Henry C. Lea, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
- Conway, H., Kraissl, C. J. and Clifford, R. H. (1947). The plastic surgical closure of decubitus ulcers in patients with paraplegia. Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics, 85, 321–332Google Scholar
- Davis, J. S. (1938). The operative treatment of scars following bedsores. Surgery, 3,1–7Google Scholar
- Fabricius, Hildanus (1593). In De gangraena et sphacelo tractatus methodicus, LeydenGoogle Scholar
- Hackler, R. H. and Zampieri, T. A. (1987). Urethral complications following ischiectomy in spinal cord injury patients: a urethral pressure study. Journal of Urology, 137, 253–255 Keane, F. X. (1978). The function of the rump in relation to sitting and the Keane reciprocating wheelchair seat. Paraplegia, 16, 390–402Google Scholar
- Lamon, J. D., Jr and Alexander, E., Jr (1945). Secondary closure of decubitus ulcers with the aid of penicillin. Journal of the American Medical Association, 127, 396Google Scholar
- Marie, P. and Roussy, G. (1915). Bull. Société Méd. de Paris, 73, 602Google Scholar
- Nightingale, Florence (1861). In Notes on Nursing, Appleton Century, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Palmer, B. (1987). Pressure Sores: Prevention of Recurrence. Paper given at IX Meeting, International Society for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, New DelhiGoogle Scholar