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Just Wars: Doctrines and Institutions

  • Inis L. ClaudeJr

Abstract

Most people think of international organizations in general as parts of an effort to prevent international war. A close look at the entire range of modern international organizations, however, requires a modification of that notion, for one finds some agencies devoted to activities that seem irrelevant to the problem of war and others whose functions are at best indirectly related to that problem. Prevention of war is clearly not the only, or in every case the primary, goal toward which international organizations are directed.

Keywords

Global System Sovereign State Parliamentary Debate Collective Security International Legal System 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    I am indebted to Professor Enno E. Kraehe for calling my attention to this debate, which appears in Great Britain, Hansard’s Parliamentary Debates, 2d Series, vol. 7 (London, 1823) p. 1652.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Joachim von Elbe, ‘The Evolution of the Concept of the Just War in International Law’, American Journal of International Law, vol. 33 (October 1939) pp. 665–88;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. and Arthur Nussbaum, A Concise History of the Law of Nations (New York, 1947).Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Josef L. Kunz, ‘Sanctions in International Law’, American Journal of International Law, vol. 54 (April 1960) p. 325.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cited by G. I. A. D. Draper, ‘Wars of National Liberation and War Criminality’, in Michael Howard (ed.) Restraints on War (Oxford, 1979) p. 137.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Hedley Bull, ‘The Grotian Conception of International Society’, in Herbert Butterfield and Martin Wight (eds) Diplomatic Investigations (Cambridge, Mass., 1966) pp. 70–1.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Cited by Peter F. Butler, ‘Legitimacy in a States-System: Vattel’s Law of Nations’, in Michael Donelan (ed.) The Reason of States (London, 1978) pp. 54–5.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    United Nations, General Assembly, Official Records, Resolution 3314 (XXIX), 14 December 1974.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    See, for instance, United Nations, General Assembly, Official Records, Resolution 2131 (XX), 21 December 1965; Resolution 2326 (XXII), 16 December 1967; Resolution 2908 (XXVII), 2 November 1972; and Resolution 3281 (XXIX), 12 December 1974.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Inis L. Claude, Jr 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inis L. ClaudeJr
    • 1
  1. 1.University of VirginiaUSA

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