Labour and Development in Rural Cuba

  • Dharam Ghai
  • Cristóbal Kay
  • Peter Peek
Part of the The Macmillan Series of ILO Studies book series (ILOSTS)


How far has Cuban agriculture advanced since 1959? How have conditions changed for the rural workers and their dependants? What are the prospects for the future? These are the questions we shall examine in the coming chapter, looking first at social developments and amenities in the rural sector, then at trends within the labour force, including workers’ incomes, and finally at the economic performance of the sector as a whole.


Labour Force Sugar Cane Gross Domestic Product State Farm Rural Sector 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA), Estudio acerca de la erradicación de la pobreza en Cuba (Mexico City; mimeographed 1984) p. 81; andGoogle Scholar
  2. World Bank: World Development Report, 1983 (Washington DC, 1983) p. 198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Comité Estatal de Estadísticas (CEE): Censo de población y viviendas de 1981 vol. 16, no. 2 (Havana, 1983) p. 149.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Castro, Informe del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba al Primer Congreso (Havana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 1978).Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    CEE, op. cit., no. 2; and Tercer Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba, Informe Central III Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba (Havana: Editora Politica, 1986).Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    C. Mesa-Lago, The labour force, employment, unemployment and underemployment in Cuba, 1899–1970 (Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1972) p. 22.Google Scholar
  7. 15.
    ECLA, Cuba: Estilo de desarrollo y politicas sociales (Mexico, Siglo XXI, 1980) p. 50.Google Scholar
  8. 19.
    A. Farms, F. Gonzalez and R. Hernandez, The role of women and demographic change in Cuba (Geneva: ILO, 1983) p. 17; and CEE, op. cit., no. 2.Google Scholar
  9. 20.
    C. Mesa-Lago, The economy of socialist Cuba: A two-decade appraisal (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1981) chapter 7.Google Scholar
  10. 22.
    Banco Nacional de Cuba, El crédito bancario en apoyo al desarrollo rural cooperativo (Havana, 1982) p. 27.Google Scholar
  11. 23.
    Comité Estatal de Estadisticas (CEE): Anuario Estadistico de Cuba, 1983 (Havana, 1984) p. 107; and idem, Anuario Estadistico de Cuba 1982 (Havana, 1983) p. 118.Google Scholar
  12. 26.
    Comité Estatal de Estadisticas (CEE): Anuario Estadistico de Cuba 1978 (Havana, 1979).Google Scholar
  13. 27.
    Data scarcity and reliability are extensively reviewed by C. Mesa-Lago and J. Perez-Lopez, A study of Cuba’s material product system, its conversion to the system of national accounts, and estimation of gross domestic product per capita and growth rates (Washington, DC: World Bank, 1985).Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    Claus Brundenius, Revolutionary Cuba: The challenge of economic growth with equity ( Boulder, Col.: Westview Press, 1984 ) p. 75.Google Scholar
  15. 31.
    Tercer Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba, Informe Central III Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba (Havana: Editora Politica, 1986) p. 6.Google Scholar
  16. 33.
    C. R. Rodriguez, CPA: 100 preguntas y respuestas ( Havana: Editora Politica, 1983 ) p. 73.Google Scholar
  17. 35.
    I. Rojas, M. Ravenet and J. Hernandez, ‘La reforma agraria y el desarrollo rural en Cuba’, in Economia y Desarrollo (Havana, 1984) no. 83, pp. 147–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Labour Organisation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dharam Ghai
    • 1
  • Cristóbal Kay
    • 2
  • Peter Peek
    • 3
  1. 1.Employment and Development DepartmentInternational Labour OfficeSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Political EconomyUniversity of GlasgowUK
  3. 3.Rural Employment Policies BranchInternational Labour OfficeSwitzerland

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