Economic Reform and Political Crisis in Czechoslovakia 1963–8
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The basic motive of the communist regimes of Czechoslovakia and Hungary in taking the decision to introduce economic reform in the mid-1960s was the preservation of political stability, in the face of convincing evidence that the old, centralised economic system was unable to produce the economic results on which, ultimately, the legitimacy of the regimes rested. However, the experience of actually implementing reform in Czechoslovakia was to be markedly different in political terms from that in Hungary. The basic question which is addressed in this chapter and the next, which trace developments in the respective countries, relates back to the issues originally raised in Part I, and reintroduced in Chapter 5. In Part I it was argued that in principle there is no necessary, direct functional connection between the market as a system of organisation of economic activity, and democracy, understood as the institutionalisation of pluralism and competition between autonomous individuals and group forces. As Charles Lindblom pointed out, while all democratic regimes coexist with some form of market economy, not all market economies are accompanied by democratic regimes.
KeywordsEconomic Reform Central Authority Central Committee Political Crisis Price Reform
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Notes and References
- 34.L. Dziedzinska, Inteligence a Dnešek (Prague: Melantřich, 1968), quoted in Kusin, Political Grouping p. 63.Google Scholar