The Decision to Reform

Part of the Studies in Soviet History and Society book series (SSHS)


Why did the Hungarian and Czechoslovak regimes decide to undertake economic reform in the early 1960s? The obvious answer would refer to the inexorable pressure of economic failure produced by the recession which affected the whole of the Soviet bloc in the early 1960s, confronting the regimes with the ‘objective necessity’ of change. But as Robert Tucker has argued in another context, ‘circumstances do not carry their own self-evident meaning … what people and political leaders act upon is always the circumstances as perceived and defined by them’.1


Foreign Trade Economic Reform Communist Party Central Committee Industrial Output 
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Notes and References

  1. 108.
    Ibid, p. 70. A similar impression is given by Sik, ‘The Economic Impact of Stalinism’, in Problems of Communism, vol. XX, no 4 (September-October 1971) p. 9.Google Scholar
  2. 155.
    See Kosta, ‘The Main Features of the Czechoslovak Economic Reform’, in Kusin (ed.) The Czechoslovak Reform Movement 1968, p. 180.Google Scholar
  3. 212.
    Liberman, ‘Terv, nyereség, prémium’, Társadalmi szemle, vol. XIX (1964) no 12, pp. 107–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Judy Batt 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LeicesterUK

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