The ‘Revolución Libertadora’, 1955–8

  • Celia Szusterman
  • Pablo Gerchunoff
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan Series book series


Passions, resentments and partisan interests have tended to cloud all analyses of the ‘Revolución Libertadora’, ignoring — or choosing to ignore — that political judgements and decisions need to be understood in their own context and on their own terms. There were many — and good — reasons to oppose Perón. The euphoria that animated the masses overflowing the Plaza de Mayo on 16 September 1955, when the news of Perón’s downfall became known, temporarily concealed the divisions between Radicals and Conservatives, Socialists and Catholics, Liberals and Nationalists. The existence of such diversity, not just in motives but in perceptions would come to the fore as soon as General Lonardi issued his Proclama de la Libertad and revealed the composition of his cabinet. However much may have been said about Perón’s mismanagement of the economy, what united the men who had conspired against Perón was moral indignation and a sense of outrage, hardly the best advisers when political decisions must be made. Although all parties welcomed Perón’s ousting, their leaders had not all been united behind any one of the several parallel conspiracies. Foremost amongst civilian collaborators of General Lonardi were men of longstanding militancy in Catholic nationalism, while unionista Radicals such as Zavala Ortiz worked in close contact with Admiral Rojas and the conspirators in the Navy. There was no ideological consistency amongst the men who had variously contributed to Perón’s downfall: military and civilians, Army and Navy, nationalists and liberals, were but some of the divisions that soon smashed the notion of ‘revolutionary solidarity’ to smithereens.


Political Economy Political Parti Fiscal Deficit Real Salary Consumer Subsidy 
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Copyright information

© Guido di Tella and Rudiger Dornbusch 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Celia Szusterman
  • Pablo Gerchunoff

There are no affiliations available

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