France in the South Pacific in the Early Twentieth Century

  • Robert Aldrich

Abstract

The first half of the twentieth century brought significant changes to the French colonies in the South Pacific. International crises such as the two world wars and the depression did not spare the islands of Oceania, and new patterns of trade and economic development increasingly tied the French possessions into the global economy. A programme of mise en valeur aimed at the improvement of the colonies’ infrastructure and pointed to greater efforts to make them profitable, and the importation of foreign workers represented an attempt to solve the lingering problem of labour. Another problem, the ambiguous status of the New Hebrides, festered during the entire period but did not find a resolution. Within each of the colonies, political and economic developments changed the structures set in place in the nineteenth century; the growth of a settler population and the maturation of a European society in Oceania, paradoxically, both strengthened and loosened the bonds between the colonies and the ‘mother country’.

Keywords

Depression Chrome Europe Manganese Shipping 

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Notes and References

  1. 1.
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  2. 2.
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Copyright information

© Robert Aldrich 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Aldrich
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SydneyAustralia

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