The main conclusion reached on the basis of this study is that by and large the general theses presented at the outset have found empirical support in all the countries studied, but the hypothesis that was meant to differentiate among the countries is supported only in part. In line with the general theses, there is, in all four countries, legal and normative ambiguity with regard to the independence and impartiality of broadcasting; in all four countries, considerable political pressures bear down from politicians on broadcasting corporations and from those corporation’s top echelons on their staff; in all four countries this calls forth resistance and, at least intermittent, tension and conflict.
KeywordsPolitical Pressure Broadcasting System Public Broadcasting Conclusion Conclusion Democratic Rule
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.