Rating Perceived Symptoms During Exercise in Heart Disease

  • Hans Åström
Part of the Wenner-Gren Center International Symposium Series book series (WGS)


Symptoms related to physical activity in daily life is important information for the diagnoses of cardiovascular disease. However, the evaluation of exercise tolerance from history alone is often unreliable. There is a need for methods for objective determination of physical capacity. The work must involve large muscle groups in order to give information of the oxygen transport capacity. The bicycle ergometer fulfils this requirement. From early exercise studies in Scandinavia we have recognized the close relationship between physical performance (measured as VO2 max, Wmax or W170) and the dimensions of the cardiovascular system (heart volume or blood volume).


Cardiac Index Exercise Test Angina Pectoris Rate Symptom Heart Volume 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© The Wenner-Gren Center 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Åström

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