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Regional Employment Policies in East European Countries

  • Hans-Erich Gramatzki

Abstract

Country studies of employment mostly neglect regional aspects or deal with them only in a very global or general manner. This contribution will, therefore, try to offer some research findings to complement these studies. First, the decision-makers in East Europe look for regional labour force reserves which they either try to ‘mobilize’ themselves, or want regional institutions to do so. The second, and still more important, activity focuses not on the goal of increasing the number of gainfully employed, but on their more rational use, on a better intra- and inter-regional division of labour, i.e. on higher labour productivity.

Keywords

Labour Market Regional Policy Great Plain Regional Labour Regional Employment 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    J. Kende, Der ökonomische und soziale Ausgleich zwischen der CSR und der SSR als zentrales Problem der tschechoslowakischen Regionalpolitik, Diplomarbeit FU Berlin (Berlin-West), 1979) p. 102.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    See H. E. Gramatzki, ‘Territorialplanung in sozialistischen Ländern: Das Beispiel Polen’, Regionale Aspekte der Wirtschaftsplanung in den mitteleuropäischen RGW-Staaten (Marburg, 1983) pp. 55–76.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    See Gy. Enyedi, ‘Economic Policy and Regional Development in Hungary’, Acta Oeconomica, no. 1–2 (1979) pp. 113–25.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    See for instance the leading textbook, R. Bönisch, G. Mohs and W. Ostwald (eds.), Territorialplanung (Berlin-East, 1976).Google Scholar
  5. 22.
    R. Hauk, Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Hochschule für Ökonomie ‘Bruno Leuschner’ (Berlin-East, 1979) no. 3, p. 36.Google Scholar
  6. 23.
    R. Bönisch, Zur Planung der territorialen Produktionsstruktur, Beiträge zur territorialen Produktionsstruktur (Leipzig, 1976) p. 23; cites East-Berlin and Karl-Marx-Stadt.Google Scholar
  7. 24.
    See R. Evstigneev, Voprosy ekonomiki, no. 10 (1979) pp. 90–8; RFE-RL Hungarian Situation Reports, 12 April 1978 and 31 January 1980; Rada Narodowa Gospodarka Administracja, no. 9 (1979) pp. 1–4 and no. 11 (1979) pp. 20–5.Google Scholar
  8. 27.
    For an improvement in regional labour-balancing with reference to planning of migration and commuting see R. Dittmann, Effektive Nutzung des gesellschaftlichen Arbeitsvermögens (Berlin-East, 1974) pp. 32–40.Google Scholar
  9. 29.
    See R. Bönisch, Wirtschaftswissenschaft, no. 9 (1977) pp. 1341–53. Much is published in the weekly Die Wirtschaft, often dealing with pioneering counties and districts.Google Scholar
  10. 32.
    See A. Zimmermann, Territoriale Rationalisierung als Intensivierungsaufgabe (Berlin-East, 1978).Google Scholar
  11. 33.
    A demand for such economic levers was already made in 1969 by the Soviet economists B. O. Orlov and R. I. Shniper, Ekonomicheskaia reforma i territorial’noe planirovanie (Moscow, 1969) pp. 45–56. Today it is chiefly the Polish economists who press for them;Google Scholar
  12. see for instance J. Jasienski, Problemy ekonomiczne (Krakow) no. 4 (1980) pp. 25–32.Google Scholar
  13. 35.
    M. I. Dolishnyi, Formirovanie i ispol’ zovanie trudovykh resursov (Kiev, 1978) pp. 122, 123.Google Scholar
  14. 37.
    Concerning the regional labour balances see Dittman, op. cit., especially pp. 32–40; V. Churakov, Problemy regional’nogo balansa trudovykh resursov (Moscow, 1977);Google Scholar
  15. J. Meller, Gospodarka planowa, no. 9(1978) pp. 450–3 and Gospodarka planowa, no. 11 (1978) pp. 555–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jan Adam 1987

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  • Hans-Erich Gramatzki

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