• Peter Womack
Part of the Language, Discourse, Society book series (LDS)


The Forty-five was the fourth occasion on which a Jacobite leader had raised a Highland army and thus put himself in a position to threaten the progress of the English Revolution. From a Whig point of view, 1745 was a replay of 1645, 1689 and 1715. This recurring pattern meant that Highlanders impressed themselves on British consciousness first of all as warriors. Economically and politically, Gaelic Scotland was no doubt negligible; but militarily it had made itself impossible to ignore.


Ideological Function Native Hill Highland Character English Revolution Personal Courage 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
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  2. 6.
    The phrase is from a poem celebrating the opening of Wade’s bridge over the Tay at Aberfeldy. Alexander Robertson, The History and Martial Achievements of the Robertsons of Strowan (Edinburgh, 1785), part 2, p. 17.Google Scholar
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    The words were first published in 1765, and much reprinted. This is the text of David Herd, Ancient and Modern Scottish Songs, Heroic Ballads, Etc, 2 vols. (Edinburgh, 1776), vol. I, p. 116.Google Scholar
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    See for example Robert Burns, ‘Comin’ o’er the Hills o’ Coupar’ and ‘Had I the Wyte’ in The Poems and Songs of Robert Burns, ed. J. Kinsley, 3 vols. (Oxford, 1968), nos. 177, 559. Future references to Burns’s poems will identify them simply by their ‘Kinsley numbers’.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Peter Womack 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Womack
    • 1
  1. 1.University of East AngliaUK

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