SF as Metaphor, Parable and Chronotope (with the Bad Conscience of Reaganism)
O. In this study, I wish to explore the depth presuppositions for analysing SF as a specific kind of narrative. So, to begin with, what is a narrative text? Assuming that any text unfolds a thematic-cumattitudinal field, and that fiction does so by presenting relationships between fictional agents (primarily by means of events in spacetime)1 — how does, within the domain of fiction, a narrative text differ from a metaphoric text? All of these theoretical questions have been, quite properly, subjects of entire book-shelves, to which I hope to be contributing in the near future. To supply a first answer pertinent to understanding SF, I shall first discuss metaphor and larger ‘metaphorical texts’, touch upon the central analytic categories of model, paradigm and possible world, and then focus on the connecting link between a metaphoric and a narrative text, the parable. My hypothesis is that all fictional texts are — by way of their paradigm or model — based on metaphoricity, but that the narrative texts add to this a defined presentation in space and time, the chronotope. I shall conclude by applying this hypothesis to SF as a specific type of story and by analysing an SF story by Cordwainer Smith, in order to test how much illumination the hypothesis may provide.
KeywordsManifold Recombination Coherence Bark Topo
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