Primary Party Organisations

  • Stephen Fortescue
Part of the Studies in Soviet History and Society book series (SSHS)


The primary party organisation (PPO) has been described by one Western analyst as the CPSU’s ‘ultimate device of control and management.’1 It is the ‘ultimate device’ because it is situated at the workplace level, at the centre of the working life of every member of the population, and also because it has extensive powers of control over both management and the rank-and-file working population. The areas of its operation tend to be described in extensive unbounded terms, with no aspect of the working collective’s activity being closed to it.


Communist Party Deputy Director Party Member Party Organisation Party Membership 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    R. P. Suttmeier, ‘Socialist science policy’, Problems of Communism, vol. 26, no. 4 (July-August 1977) p. 75.Google Scholar
  2. 29.
    for details, see J. W. Cleary, Politics and Administration in Soviet Kazkahstan, 1955–1964, Ph.D. dissertation, Australian National University, Canberra, 1967, p. 333; Gustafson (1981) op. cit., p. 30.Google Scholar
  3. 32.
    S. Fortescue, ‘Research institute party organizations and the right of control’, Soviet Studies, vol. 35, no. 2 (April 1983) pp. 175–95. See also Kneen (1984) op. cit., ch. 7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 40.
    M. I. Khaldeev, Pervichnaia partiinaia organizatsiia. Opyt, formy i metody raboty (Politizdat, Moscow, 1974) p. 234.Google Scholar
  5. 56.
    R. G. Ianovsky, ‘Rabota s nauchnoi intelligentsii’ in Partiia i intelligentsiia v usloviiakh razvitogo sotsializma (‘Mysl”, Moscow, 1977) p. 183.Google Scholar
  6. 69.
    For an introduction to the long and complicated history of the people’s control system, see G. Hodnett, ‘Khrushchev and party-state control’, in A. Dallin and A. F. Westin (eds), Politics in the Soviet Union. Seven cases (Harcourt, Brace and World, New York, 1966) ch. 4.Google Scholar
  7. 91.
    V. A. Rassudovsky, Gosudarstvennaia organizatsiia nauki v SSSR (‘Iuridicheskaia literatura’, Moscow, 1971) p. 133; Literaturnaia gazeta, 16 August 1972, p. 12; Izvestiia, 26 August 1969, p. 3. Since 1969 it has lost its power to VAK to determine the acceptance of dissertations.Google Scholar
  8. 149.
    M. Agursky, The Research Institute of Machine-Building Technology. A part of the Soviet military-industrial complex, Soviet Institutions Series, Paper No. 8, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 1976, p. 51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stephen Fortescue 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Fortescue
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Russian and East European StudiesUniversity of BirminghamUK

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