Properties of Cone Photoreceptors in Relation to Colour Vision

  • T. D. Lamb
Part of the Wenner-Gren Center International Symposium Series book series (WGS)

Abstract

The chapter by Nunn, Schnapf & Baylor (this volume) describes how primate photoreceptors respond to illumination. I shall be continuing with this theme, describing further important properties of the cone photoreceptors, and discussing the implications of these properties for colour vision. In particular there is one important property of cone photoreceptors, namely their “automatic gain control”, which has profound implications for colour vision, and I shall be expanding in some detail on that. These implications are also mentioned in the chapter by MacLeod (this volume).

Keywords

Retina Beach Expense Kelly 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baylor, D.A. and Hodgkin, A.L. (1973). Detection and resolution of visual stimuli by turtle photoreceptors. J. Physiol. 234, 163–198.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baylor, D.A. and Hodgkin, A.L. (1974). Changes in time scale and sensitivity in turtle photoreceptors. J. Physiol. 242, 729–758.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Detwiler, P.B. and Hodgkin, A.L. (1979). Electrical coupling between cones in turtle retina. J. Physiol 291, 75–100.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Falk, G. and Fatt, P. (1972). Physical changes induced by light in the rod outer segment of vertebrates. In Handbook of Sensory Physiology. VII/l. Photochemistry of Vision. (ed. H.J.A. Dartnall). Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Kelly, D.H. (1961). Visual responses to time-dependent stimuli. I. Amplitude sensitivity measurements. J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 51, 422–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kelly, D.H. (1971). Theory of flicker and transient responses. I. Uniform fields. J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 61, 537–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lamb, T.D. and Simon, E.J. (1976). The relation between intercellular coupling and electrical noise in turtle photoreceptors. J. Physiol. 263, 257–286.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lamb, T.D. and Simon, E.J. (1977). Analysis of electrical noise in turtle cones. J. Physiol. 272, 435–468.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Shapley, R. and Enroth-Cugell, C. (1984). Visual adaptation and retinal gain controls. In Progress in Retinal Research 2. (eds. N.N. Osborne and G.J. Chader). Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  10. Simon, E.J., Lamb, T.D. and Hodgkin, A.L. (1975). Spontaneous voltage fluctuations in retinal cones and bipolar cells. Nature 256, 661–662.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Wenner-Gren Center 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. D. Lamb
    • 1
  1. 1.Physiological LaboratoryCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations