Britain and the Third Force Syndrome

  • Geoffrey Lee Williams
  • Alan Lee Williams


In the debate over the kind of international environment in which Britain should seek a suitable role for herself there has for long been a division between adherents to vague concepts of ‘Atlantic interdependence’, and those who attached prime importance to similarly vague concepts of ‘European unity’.


European Economic Community North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Vague Concept Missile Defence Strategic Imperative 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    See Jacob Javits, ‘The Second Battle of Britain’, Congressional Record. US Congress, Washington, DC, vol. 111, no. 148, 12 August 1965, pp. 19421–5.Google Scholar
  2. Also see Edward English ‘Atlantic Trade Policy: the Need for a New Initiative’, Moorgate & Wall Street, London, Autumn, 1965.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    For an early analysis along these lines see Lionel Gelber, ‘A Marriage of Inconvenience’, Foreign Affairs, Council on Foreign Relations, New York, Jan. 1963; reprinted in Survival (London Institute for Strategic Studies, Mar. 1963).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Geoffrey Lee Williams, Natural Alliance for the West (London: Atlantic Policy Research Centre, 1969) p. 21.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    See a penetrating study of maritime strategy in L. W. Martin, ‘The Sea in Modern Strategy’ (London: Institute for Strategic Studies, Chatto & Windus, 1967).Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    Geoffrey Williams, The Permanent Alliance: the European-American Partnership, 1945–1984 (Leyden: Sijthoff, 1977) p. 216.Google Scholar
  7. 12.
    Gavin Kennedy, Defence Economics (London: Duckworth, 1983) p. 71.Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    Geoffrey Lee Williams and Alan Lee Williams Crisis in European Defence. (London: Charles Knight, 1978) p. 219.Google Scholar
  9. 15.
    Guido Vigeveno, The Bomb and European Security (London: C. Hurst & Co., 1983) pp. 7–23.Google Scholar
  10. 16.
    See a detailed discussion in Neville Brown, Arms without Empire (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1967).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Geoffrey Lee Williams and Alan Lee Williams 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey Lee Williams
  • Alan Lee Williams

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations