Since all claims either to equal or to preferential treatment are contestable, there are only two ways in which such claims can be finally settled. One way is to rely on formal agreements between the parties concerned, or on their tacit consent to conventions of one sort or another. In either case, there would have to be recourse to legal rules and their observance. Secondly, besides the rather latent powers of convention or the rule of law, there is the — often decisive — force of revolutionary ideas and of seditious action. This drastic way of dealing with the problem proved attractive in antiquity, and it still has considerable appeal in modern times.1
KeywordsMiddle Class Legal Rule Political Association Rational Principle Natural Justice
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