The Human Environment: Stockholm and its Follow Up

  • Ingrid Detter de Lupis


The United Nations’ Conference on the Human Environment was held in Stockholm 5–16 June 1972. Some commentators say it was ‘the most important conference ever held’.1 Never before had so many world leaders come together to discuss ‘the future of our species and the habitat in which it lives’.2 Yet, the Conference took place without the participation of the whole Eastern bloc, which had refused to take part after a quibble about the non-recognition of the German Democratic Republic, a problem which 15 years later appears largely historic. The importance of the Conference was, however, greatly reduced by the absence of socialist countries.


Human Settlement Marine Pollution Global Issue Human Environment Fund Convention 
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  1. 1.
    P. Scott in his Foreword to P. Stone, Did We Save the Earth at Stockholm? (London: Earth Island, 1973).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    On protection of forests for such purposes see J.E. King, Science and Rationalisation in the Government of Louis XIV (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1949) p. 84.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Cf. L.K. Caldwell, International Environmental Policy: Emergence and Dimensions (Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1984), p. 186.Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    Council of Europe, Man in a European Society (Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 1966).Google Scholar
  5. 17.
    On the IBP, see, for example, E.B. Worthington (ed.), The Evolution of IBP: The International Biological Programme (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975). Another field of study was set to be human adaptibility to changing conditions.Google Scholar
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    British Institute of International and Comparative Law (ed.), Selected Documents on International Environmental Law (London and New York: Dobbs Ferry, 1975) p. 6.Google Scholar
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    T.T. Gati, The United States, The United Nations and the Management of Global Change (New York: New York University Press, 1983).Google Scholar
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    On this see, J. Schneider, World Public Order of the Environment: towards an International Ecological Law and Organization (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1979) p. 126.Google Scholar
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    Some claim that ‘fault’ is necessary; but it is often impossible to prove negligence in environmental matters; cf. A.L. Springer, The International Law of Pollution: (Westport, Conn.: Protecting the Global Environment in a World of Sovereign States, Quorum Books, 1983), p. 131.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Paul Taylor and A. J. R. Groom 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid Detter de Lupis

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