Headway distributions in highway traffic flow
The concept of level of service in highway traffic flow illustrates the differences in the characteristics of the flow which may be examined by a study of the headways between vehicles. Time headways are the time intervals between the passage of successive vehicles past a point on the highway. Because the inverse of the mean time headway is the rate of flow, headways have been described as the fundamental building blocks of traffic flow. When the traffic flow reaches its maximum value then the time headway reaches its minimum value.
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