National Integration and Traditional Rural Organisation in Algeria, 1970–80: Background for Islamic Traditionalism?
Algeria marches as the rearguard of contemporary Middle Eastern and North African countries in terms of popular social movements springing up at the grassroots level. The lonely student-protests of 1975 against the Agricultural Revolution and of 1979 against the absence of career chances for Arabic-educated graduates would seem to be a rather narrow cone on top of the Arab Islamic traditionalist volcano, if such a volcano indeed exists in Algeria. Furthermore, the protests of Berber students in Tizi-Ouzou in 1980 against forced Arabisation serve as a reminder that not every young Algerian is a potential recruit for the Arab Islamic traditionalist movement. Thus, while associations of Arab traditionalist Moslems have spontaneously erupted on the political scene, for instance in Iran, Egypt and Tunisia, in Algeria they have yet to appear.
KeywordsMigration Transportation Income Marketing Expense
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