Agrarian Petit-Bourgeois Responses to Capitalist Industrialisation: The Case of Canada

  • J. F. Conway
Part of the Edinburgh Studies in Sociology book series (ESIS)


The agrarian petite bourgeoisie dominated the political debates in Canada during the first few decades of the twentieth century. Their domination was ephemeral and extended only to setting the agenda for the debates since, although they won some concessions, they proved unable to change the course of the development of Canadian capitalism in ways congenial to them. They failed to maintain the momentum of their own class and their efforts to forge successful alliances with the working class and the urban petite bourgeoisie were wrecked on the rocks of their own self-interested view of what the world ought to be like.


Party System Public Ownership Royal Commission Freight Rate Progressive Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alberta Legislature, Journals, vol. XXX.Google Scholar
  2. O. A. Anderson, The Alberta Social Credit Party: an Empirical Analysis of Membership, Characteristics; Participation and Opinions (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Alberta, 1972).Google Scholar
  3. J. J. Barr, The Dynasty: The Rise and Fall of Social Credit in Alberta (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1974).Google Scholar
  4. C. F. Betke, The United Farmers of Alberta, 1921–35: The Relationship Between the Agricultural Organisation and the Government of Alberta (unpublished MA thesis, University of Alberta, 1971).Google Scholar
  5. N. F. Black, History of Saskatchewan and the Old North West (Regina: North West Historical Co., 1913).Google Scholar
  6. R. C. Brown and R. Cook, Canada, 1896–1921: a Nation Transformed (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1974).Google Scholar
  7. J. M. Callahan, American Foreign Policy in Canadian Relations (New York: Macmillan, 1937).Google Scholar
  8. R. D. Colquette, The First Fifty Years: A History of the United Grain Growers Limited (Winnipeg: The Public Press, 1957).Google Scholar
  9. J. F. Conway, ‘Populism in the United States, Russia and Canada: Explaining the Roots of Canada’s Third Parties’, Canadian Journal of Political Science, XI (1978).Google Scholar
  10. J. F. Conway, To Seek a Goodly Heritage: The Prairie Populist Resistance to the National Policy in Canada (unpublished PhD dissertation, Simon Fraser University, 1978).Google Scholar
  11. C. H. Douglas, The Alberta Experiment (London: Eyre & Spottiswode, 1937).Google Scholar
  12. W. T. Easterbrook and H. Aitken, Canadian Economic History (Toronto: Macmillan, 1967).Google Scholar
  13. L. E. Ellis, Reciprocity, 1911 (New Haven: Yale University, 1939).Google Scholar
  14. V. C. Fowke, The National Policy and the Wheat Economy (Toronto: University of Toronto, 1957).Google Scholar
  15. G. P. Glazebrook, Canadian External Relations: An Historical Study to 1914 (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1942).Google Scholar
  16. R. Hann, Some Historical Perspectives on Canadian Agrarian Political Movements: the Ontario Origins of Agrarian Criticism of Canadian Industrial Society (Toronto: New Hogtown Press pamphlet, 1973).Google Scholar
  17. G. V. Haythorne, Labour in Canadian Agriculture (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University, 1965).Google Scholar
  18. A. Hooke, 30 + 5: I Know, I was there (Edmonton: Co-op Press of Alberta, 1971).Google Scholar
  19. G. Ionescu and E. Gellner (eds.), Populism: its Meanings and National Characteristics (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1969).Google Scholar
  20. J. A. Irving, The Social Credit Movement in Alberta (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1959).Google Scholar
  21. A. W. Johnson, Biography of Government: Policy Formation in Saskatchewan 1944–61 (unpublished PhD dissertation, Harvard University, 1961).Google Scholar
  22. L. P. V. Johnson and O. J. MacNutt, Aberhart of Alberta (Edmonton: Co-op Press of Alberta, 1970).Google Scholar
  23. V. I. Lenin, Collected Works (London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1963).Google Scholar
  24. S. M. Lipset, Agrarian Socialism: The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation in Saskatchewan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1950, reprinted 1971).Google Scholar
  25. J. MacDougall, Rural life in Canada: its Trends and Tasks (Toronto: University of Toronto, 1913).Google Scholar
  26. D. A. MacGibbon, The Canadian Grain Trade (Toronto: Macmillan, 1932).Google Scholar
  27. D. McHenry, The Third Force in Canada: The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, 1932–48 (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1950).Google Scholar
  28. W. A. Mackintosh, Economic Problems of the Prairie Provinces (Toronto: Macmillan, 1935).Google Scholar
  29. T. H. M. McLeod, Public Enterprise in Saskatchewan: The Development of Public Policy and Administrative Controls (Harvard: unpublished PhD dissertation, Harvard University, 1959).Google Scholar
  30. C. B. Macpherson, Democracy in Alberta: Social Credit and the Party System (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1953).Google Scholar
  31. J. R. Mallory, Social Credit and the Federal Power in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1954).Google Scholar
  32. D. C. Masters, Reciprocity, 1846–1911 (Toronto: Canadian Historical Association, 1961).Google Scholar
  33. H. Moorhouse, Deep Furrows (Toronto: McLeod, 1918).Google Scholar
  34. A. S. Morton, History of Prairie Settlement (Toronto: Macmillan, 1938).Google Scholar
  35. D. Morton, Social Democracy in Canada: NDP (Toronto: Hakkert and Co., 1977).Google Scholar
  36. W. L. Morton, Manitoba, A History (Toronto: University of Toronto, 1938 reprinted 1957).Google Scholar
  37. W. L. Morton, The Progressive Party in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1950, reprinted 1967).Google Scholar
  38. L. B. Pashak, The Populist Characteristics of the Early Social Credit Movement in Alberta (unpublished MA thesis, University of Calgary, 1971).Google Scholar
  39. H. S. Patton, Grain Growers’ Co-operation in Western Canada (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University, 1928).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. E. Porritt and G. Annie, Sixty Years of Protection in Canada 1846–1912: Where Industry Leans on the Politician (Winnipeg: Grain Growers Guide, 1913).Google Scholar
  41. Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations, Report (Ottawa: King’s Printer, 1940).Google Scholar
  42. A. E. Safarian, The Canadian Economy in the Great Depression (Toronto: McLelland & Stewart, 1970).Google Scholar
  43. H. A. Scarrow, Canada Votes: a handbook of Federal and Provincial Election Data (New Orleans: Hauser Press, 1962).Google Scholar
  44. H. J. Schultz, William Aberhart and the Social Credit Party: a Political Biography (unpublished PhD dissertation, Duke University, 1959).Google Scholar
  45. P. F. Sharp, The Agrarian Revolt in Western Canada: a Survey Showing American Parallels (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1948).Google Scholar
  46. S. Silverstein, The Rise, Ascendancy and Decline of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Party of Saskatchewan, Canada (unpublished PhD dissertation, Washington University, 1968).Google Scholar
  47. P. R. Sinclair, Populism in Alberta and Saskatchewan: a comparative analysis of Social Credit and the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Edinburgh, 1972).Google Scholar
  48. G. F. C. Stanley, The Birth of Western Canada: a history of the Riel Rebellions (Toronto: University of Toronto, 1936).Google Scholar
  49. P. Stevens (ed.), The 1911 General Election: A Study in Canadian Politics (Toronto: Copp Clark, 1970).Google Scholar
  50. M. C. Urquhart and K. A. H. Buckley (eds.), Historical Statistics of Canada (Toronto: Macmillan, 1965).Google Scholar
  51. W. D. Young, The Anatomy of a Party: The National C.C.F., 1932–61 (Toronto: University of Toronto, 1969).Google Scholar
  52. W. Young, Democracy and Discontent: Progressivism, Socialism and Social Credit in the Canadian West (Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 1969).Google Scholar
  53. A. Walicki, The Controversy over Capitalism: Studies in the Social Philosophy of the Russian Populists (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969).Google Scholar
  54. L. A. Wood, A History of Farmers’ Movements in Canada (Toronto: Ryerson, 1924).Google Scholar
  55. L. Zakuta, A Protest Movement Becalmed: A Study of Change in the C.C.F. (Toronto: University of Toronto, 1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Frank Bechhofer and Brian Elliott 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. Conway

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations