Fibrinogen and fibrinogen-related peptides in cancer

  • J. J. Franks
  • R. E. Kirsch
  • Betty Kao
  • T. M. Kloppel


At a previous International Symposium on Plasma Protein Metabolism1 we presented evidence that patients with advanced carcinomas of the lung, pancreas and liver metabolise fibrinogen abnormally. Figure 13.1 shows the overall schema for fibrinogen synthesis, distribution and metabolism which we used to obtain that evidence2. In health, fibrinogen mainly, if not exclusively, follows the pathways described by the core portion of the model, which consists of the plasma and interstitial compartments, fp and fe, the hepatic synthetic apparatus, Sf, synthesising fibrinogen at a rate s, and the fibrinogen transfer and catabolic rate constants, j1, j2 and j3. In pathological states other pathways governed by clotting and/or fibrinolytic enzymes may become important. A fraction of plasma fibrinogen, which in health must be very small, may be transformed into fibrin monomer, F1, at a rate θ1, through the action of thrombin generated in the plasma3. F1, either free or combined with fibrinogen or other proteins, circulates in the plasma and may be degraded by ‘catabolic’ enzymes or plasmin at a rate π3. There is probably an interstitial as well as an intravascular fibrin monomer compartment2, but this is not shown in figure 13.1. Plasmin may also act directly on circulating fibrinogen, converting it to fibrinogen degradation products at a rate π1. Protective enzymes, mainly α2-antiplasmin, keep π1 at a minimum4.


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© The contributors 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. Franks
  • R. E. Kirsch
  • Betty Kao
  • T. M. Kloppel

There are no affiliations available

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