Advertisement

The Chemistry of Reactive Dyes

  • C. V. Stead
Chapter

Abstract

Over the years there have been numerous instances of interplay between dyestuffs chemistry and the biological sciences. As examples may be cited the many dyes designed as acid dyes for wool or as direct cotton dyes which find useful application as biological stains and the effectiveness of certain dyes in in vitro applications against bacteria. Incorporation into simple azo dyes of a sulphonamide group which was favoured as a substituent in acid wool dyes, owing to its enhancement of certain important dyestuff properties, led ultimately to the outstanding discovery of the in vivo effectiveness of the azo compound Prontosil and thence to the sulphonamide drugs. These examples bear testimony to the interaction between the two disciplines.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bayer, UK Patents 1,063,750; 1,071,320; 1,985,687; 1,106,023; 1,174,521; 1,182,761Google Scholar
  2. Bayer, UK Patent 1,084,202Google Scholar
  3. Bayer, UK Patent 1,169,254Google Scholar
  4. Bayer, US Patent 3,853,840Google Scholar
  5. Burlington Industries, US Patents 4,150,021; 4,134,722; 4,091,004Google Scholar
  6. Cassella, French Patent 1,403,233Google Scholar
  7. CFMC, UK Patent 1,002,648Google Scholar
  8. Chayen, R., Gould, S., Harrel, A. and Stead, C. V. (1971). Analyt. Biochem., 39, 533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dawson, T. L. (1964). J. Soc. Dyers Colourists, 80, 134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dawson, T. L., Fern, A. S. and Preston, C. (1960). J. Soc. Dyers Colourists, 76, 210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fujioka, S. and Abeta, S. (1982). Dyes Pigments, 3, 281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Geigy, Belgian Patent 578,933Google Scholar
  13. Geigy, UK Patent 1,051,684Google Scholar
  14. Hoechst, UK Patents 712,037; 733,471; 740,533Google Scholar
  15. Horrobin, S. (1963). J. Chem. Soc., 4130Google Scholar
  16. ICI, UK Patents 797,946; 798,121Google Scholar
  17. ICI, UK Patent 917,780Google Scholar
  18. ICI, UK Patent 937,182Google Scholar
  19. ICI, UK Patents 1,488,077; 1,491,566; 1,491,595Google Scholar
  20. Ingamells, W., Sumner, H. H. and Williams, G. (1962). J. Soc. Dyers Colourists, 78, 274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kater, S. B. and Nicholson, C. (1973). Intracellular Staining in Neurobiology, Springer-Verlag, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sandoz, Belgian Patent 578,742Google Scholar
  23. Sandoz, UK Patent 1,067,852Google Scholar
  24. Siegel, E. (1968). Chimia Supplement, March, 107Google Scholar
  25. Stephen, W. E. (1965). Chimia, 19, 261Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The contributors 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. V. Stead

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations