The Determinants of Technical Change in the Chemical Industry: Demand-Pull or Technology-Push?

  • C. Freeman
  • V. Walsh
  • J. Townsend

Abstract

For many years now controversy has continued over the determinants of the direction and scale of inventive and scientific activity in contemporary industrialised societies. Participants in the debate have included economists, sociologists and scientific administrators as well as engineers, inventors and scientists. A related but more specialised controversy has raged among historians of science, between ‘internalists’ and ‘externalists’.

Keywords

Benzene Petroleum Hexane Polyethylene Propylene 

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Copyright information

© Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche (WIIW) (The Vienna Institute for Comparative Economic Studies) 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Freeman
  • V. Walsh
  • J. Townsend

There are no affiliations available

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