Atomic Arrangements in Crystalline Solids

  • Manas Chanda
Chapter

Abstract

A crystal is a regular three-dimensional design and is a consequence of the regular arrangement of the atoms, ions, or molecules of which it is built up. However, most of the solid matter we usually come across hardly shows outward evidence of crystalline form; and this is because it is polycrystalline, composed of tiny crystals having random orientations with respect to each other. Metals are polycrystalline and so also are most minerals. Even the very finely divided precipitates and various carbons, formerly regarded as amorphous, are in fact composed of exceedingly fine crystals. Naturally, the term ‘solid’ is often taken as synonymous with crystalline.

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References

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Further Reading

  1. Barrett, C.S. and Massalski, T.B., Structure of Metals, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1966.Google Scholar
  2. Brown, P.J. and Forsyth, J.B., The Crystal Structure of Solids, London, Edward Arnold, 1973.Google Scholar
  3. Holden, A., Nature of Solids, Columbia Univ. Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  4. Guinier, A., X-Ray Diffraction in Crystals, Imperfect Crystals and Amorphous Bodies, San Francisco, Freeman 1963.Google Scholar
  5. Addison, W.E., Structural Principles in Inorganic Chemistry, London, Longmans Green, 1961.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Manas Chanda 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manas Chanda
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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