Reforms Amid Difficulties, January–July 1932
In the first half of 1932 the political situation in the Soviet Union was complex and ambiguous. The repressive campaign launched by Stalin’s letter of October 1931 was mitigated by Postyshev’s authoritative article in Pravda, warning against indiscriminate criticism.  And from November 1931 onward a number of former oppositionists were quietly appointed to posts in the economic administration, including Smilga and Preobrazhensky from the Left and A. P. Smirnov and Frumkin from the Right.  At this time the Politburo also treated pending political cases with relative leniency.
KeywordsConsumer Good Collective Farmer Party Secretary Soviet Authority Armament Industry
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