The Eve of the Upsurge, April–December 1933
The worst months of famine - May, June and July, on the eve of the new harvest - affected the towns as well as the countryside. Many urban citizens received extremely inadequate rations, or no rations at all (see p. 368 above). Large numbers of starving peasants poured into the towns in the famine areas, and died in the streets. In Ukraine, the North Caucasus and the Volga regions the urban death rate in these months reached three to five times the normal level. Even after the new harvest, the effects of malnutrition continued; in December 1933 the urban death rate remained substantially above the normal level in most of these regions. Other regions were also seriously affected.
KeywordsCoal Industry Party Organiser Coal Face Party Committee Party Secretary
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