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Radioreceptor binding technique as aid in treatment with neuroleptics

  • Anders Forsman

Abstract

In all medicinal treatment efforts must be made to find the optimal dose for each patient separately. Both therapeutic effects and adverse effects may occur at doses differing widely from one individual to another. Furthermore, the use of a given dose of a drug may perhaps result in the blood concentration of the drug being anything up to 30 times higher in one patient than in another (Hammer and Sjöqvist, 1967; Forsman and Öhman, 1975; Axelsson and Mårtensson, 1976). It is possible to ascertain the optimal dosage level or range of several drugs, that is the dose producing a maximum effect with a minimum of side effects. By adjusting the dose of a drug according to its concentration in the serum, for example, it has proved possible to improve the effect of the drug and to minimize its side effects. But it has so far not been possible to establish a generally applicable concentration range for neuroleptics. This failure has been ascribed, first, to the fact that most neuroleptics are transformed to a series of active metabolites. One can therefore not a priori expect the clinical picture to vary solely with the blood concentration of the drug, which is only one of the active substances. Second, it has become increasingly clear that the response to a given concentration can vary from one patient to another. As far as neuroleptics are concerned, this variation may be due to a probably genetic variation of the susceptibility of the dopamine (DA) system.

Keywords

High Performance Liquid Chromatography Active Metabolite Concentration Of70 Radioreceptor Assay Prolactin Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The contributors 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anders Forsman
    • 1
  1. 1.Lillhagen’s Hospital, Psychiatric Department IIIUniversity of GothenburgHisings BackaSweden

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