Intelligence and Deception
- 23 Downloads
If we accept that good intelligence is essential to successful action, it follows that intelligence will tend to invoke deception on the part of an ingenious adversary, with the object of leading up to a surprise which he can turn to advantage. And before we consider the problem in the military and political spheres it may be illuminating to look at some manifestations in the natural world. ‘Illuminating’ is indeed a suitable term for our first example, because it concerns fireflies; these have been discovered to flash their lights as sexual recognition signals, each species having its own characteristic sequence of flashes. It has further been established1 that female flies of the species photuris versicolor lure the males of other species by mimicking the recognition signals emitted by the females of those species. The unfortunate males, duped into thinking that they are homing on females of their own kind, are then caught and devoured.
KeywordsNational Security Tennis Ball Aero Engine German Agent Radio Message
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 6.James, W., The Eyes of the Navy (London, Methuen, 1955), pp. 66–7.Google Scholar
- 7.Churchill, Winston, S., ‘The U-Boat War’, in Thoughts and Adventures (London, T. Butterworth, Ltd. 1932).Google Scholar
- 8.Greene, J. I., The Living Thoughts of Clausewitz (London, Cassell, 1945), p. 15.Google Scholar
- 9.Churchill, Winston S., The World Crisis, (New York, C. Scribner’s Sons, 1923–30).Google Scholar
- 10.Marder, A. J., From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow (London, Oxford University Press, 1969), pp. 150–2.Google Scholar
- 11.Cornford, F. M., Microcosmographica Academica, 2nd edition (1922).Google Scholar
- 12.Katz Amrom H., Verification and Salt: The State of the Art and the Art of the State (Washington, The Heritage Foundation, 1979).Google Scholar
- 13.Lord, John, Duty, Honour, Empire (London, Hutchinson, 1971).Google Scholar
- 15.Whaley, Barton, Codeword Barbarossa (Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1974).Google Scholar
- 17.Similarly, the Japanese surprised the British at Singapore, but there was an element also of self-deception in the British command. See Dixon, N. F., On the Psychology of Military Incompetence (London, Jonathan Cape, 1976).Google Scholar