Cross-Currents

  • Robert Service

Abstract

Early formative influences are not entirely comprehensible even by the person who has experienced them. These are general problems for the observer. They are particularly formidable when the subject of enquiry is dead. Lenin’s case is among the most difficult; he died so long ago that none of his acquaintances is alive either. He also had that important defect as an autobiographer that he disliked writing about himself. The memoirs by his friends and enemies are thin gruel. And the information on his background, never very generously served, is at its meagrest for the years of his childhood and adolescence.

Keywords

Depression Europe Tuberculosis Tame Arteriosclerosis 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See M. Shaginyan, ‘Predki Lenina’, Novyi Mir, 1937, no. 11, pp. 269–80Google Scholar
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  3. 4.
    Idem, pp. 54–6. Sensible accounts of Lenin’s maternal ancestry are given in L. Fischer, The Life of Lenin (London, 1966) pp. 2–4Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    An attempt has been made to demonstrate that the Ulyanov children suffered from an acute sense of social inferiority: see S. Page, ‘Lenin, Turgenev and the Russian Landed Gentry’, Canadian Slavonic Papers, 1976, no. 4, pp. 442–56.Google Scholar
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© Robert Service 1985

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  • Robert Service

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