Byron and Portugal
When Byron died for the cause of Greek freedom in 1824, the rise of Liberalism was under way in Portugal, despite a few serious setbacks and a civil war to come in the thirties, that would end in the surrender of the last absolute monarch and his supporters in 1834, leaving the constitutional monarchy to last until 1910. The early decades of the nineteenth century, here as elsewhere, were a time of great political upheaval, going back through various roads to the French Revolution, and encompassing a series of major events and momentous factors: the Peninsular War (1807–10), the prolonged absence of the Royal Family in Brazil (1807–21), the assimilation of new ideas by the political emigrés at different stages, the loss of Brazil (1822), the early Liberal plots, the 1820 Revolution and the counter-revolutions, all of these connected with changes in the trading, economic and social situation.
KeywordsCorn Europe Assimilation Expense Egypt
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