The Church Public of the ICF

  • Gerald Studdert-Kennedy


The public figures identified in Chapter 2 as Members of the Council and Executive of the ICF were acknowledged by grass-roots supporters and activists as guiding lights and practical exponents of the vision of social obligation and commitment which the Messenger and his colleagues were seeking to spread abroad. It is less easy to identify and describe the local activists and supporters themselves. Nonconformist churches and organisations, we shall see, provided a dependable proportion of enthusiastic lay support, but the most clearly identifiable public was to be found within the still substantial active membership of the Church of England. But there is no straightforward record of this lay support. The best that can be done, therefore, is to make an indirect approach through an analysis of parishes and incumbents showing some degree of active involvement in the organisation.


Military Service Large Parish Small Parish Parish Size Church Hierarchy 
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Chapter 6. The Church Public of the Icf

  1. 4.
    Hubert Handley, The Fatal Opulence of Bishops (London, 1901); The More Fatal Opulence of Bishops (Allen and Unwin, 1919).Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    H. M. Blalock, Social Statistics (McGraw Hill, 1960) p. 324.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    H. L. Hubbard, Social Prayer; Studies in the Lord’s Prayer as the Prayer of Social Action and the expression of Social Needs (London, 1919).Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    H. A. Wilson, Reflections of a Hack Bench Bishop (London, 1948).Google Scholar

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© Gerald Studdert-Kennedy 1982

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  • Gerald Studdert-Kennedy

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