Schooling and Inequalities

  • Murray Yanowitch


The substantial extension of schooling in the Soviet Union is undoubtedly an impressive achievement of the regime and an important factor contributing to the country’s comparatively impressive long-run economic growth performance. But like ‘progress’ in other areas of Soviet life, the increased educational attainment of the population has generated its own social tensions and problems. In particular, the advance towards ‘universal’ secondary education has made it necessary to moderate the traditionally ambitious occupational plans of secondary school graduates, and to confront such issues as social inequality in access to higher education and the problem of work discontent among ‘overeducated’ workers in routine jobs. A brief examination of the structure of the Soviet educational system and of recent changes in the relative importance of its components will set the stage for our discussion of these problem areas.


Secondary Education Social Inequality Eighth Grade Work Participation Social Origin 
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© Leonard Schapiro and Joseph Godson 1982

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  • Murray Yanowitch

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