Advertisement

‘Rural Development’ and the Rural Economy in Niger, 1900–75

  • Pepe Roberts

Abstract

Until the exploitation of uranium began in the late 1960s, Niger depended almost entirely upon agricultural and livestock production and was accounted one of the poorest countries in the world in terms of per capita income. Only 2.4 per cent of the entire land area can be cultivated under present conditions (West Africa, 9 July 1979). Agricultural and livestock production has been severely threatened by the process of desertification, the effects of which were to prove catastrophic during the late 1960s and early 1970s, the period referred to as the Sahel drought.

Keywords

Rural Development Household Head Cereal Production Rural Economy Colonial Rule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Abadie, Lt.-Col. (1927), La Colonie du Niger, Paris.Google Scholar
  2. Baier, S. B. (1974), African Merchants in the Colonial Period: a History of Commerce in Damagaram (Central Niger), Ph.D. thesis, University of Wisconsin.Google Scholar
  3. Baier, S. B. (1977), ‘Trans-Saharan trade and the Sahel: Damergu 1870–1930’, Journal of African History, 18, 11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barrès, V. (1979), ‘Women in rural development: “Animation des Femmes” project in Niger, 1966–1975,’ paper presented at the Overseas Development Institute, London.Google Scholar
  5. Belloncle, G. (1968), ‘Pédagogie de l’implantation du mouvement coopératif au Niger,’ ‘Archives internationales de Sociologie de la Coopération et du Développement’, 23.Google Scholar
  6. Bernus, S. (1969), Particularismes ethniques en milieu urbain: l’exemple du Niamey, Paris.Google Scholar
  7. Blazy, V. (1973), Rapport d’évaluation sur les résultats du projet d’animation féminine en République du Niger, Commission des Communautés Européennes, Brussels.Google Scholar
  8. Boyer, M. (1935), Les sociétés indigènes de prévoyance, de secours et de prêts mutuels agricoles en A. O. F., Paris.Google Scholar
  9. Charlick, R. B. (1972), ‘Induced participation in Nigerien modernization: the case of Matameye County’, Rural Africana, 18.Google Scholar
  10. Charlick, R. B. (1977), ‘The impact of the Zinder Regional Productivity Project (FED) on farm practices and agricultural change’, preliminary report, Dept. of Political Science, Cornell University.Google Scholar
  11. Chirot, D. (1968) ‘Urban and rural economies in the Western Sudan: Bimi N’Konni and its hinterland’, Cahiers d’études africaines, 8, 32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Collins, J. (1974), Government and Groundnut Marketing in Rural Hausa Niger: the 1930s to the 1970s in Magaria, Ph.D.thesis, Johns Hopkins University.Google Scholar
  13. Collins, J. (1976), ‘The clandestine movement of groundnuts across the Niger-Nigeria Boundary,’ Canadian Journal of African Studies, 10, 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. de Wilde J. (1968), Expériences de développement agricole en Afrique tropicale, vol. 3 (Pays divers), Paris; in English as Experiences of agricultural development in tropical Africa, Baltimore (1967).Google Scholar
  15. Durand, J-H. (1977), ‘A propos de la sécheresse et de ses conséquences au Sahel’, Les cahiers d’outr-mer, 120.Google Scholar
  16. Fugelstad, F. (1974), ‘La grande famine de 1931 dans l’ouest nigérien: réflexions autour d’une catastrophe naturelle’, Revue française d’histoire d’outremer, 61, 222Google Scholar
  17. Funel, J-M. (1976), Méthodologie de la planification: le développement régional et sa problématique étudiés à travers l’expérience de Tahoua (Niger), République Française, Ministère de la Coopération, Paris.Google Scholar
  18. Gentil, D. (1974), ‘The establishment of a new cooperative system in Niger’, Paper presented at the 2nd International Seminar on Change in Agriculture, Reading.Google Scholar
  19. Harriss, B. (1978), ‘Cereal surpluses in the Sudano-Sahelian states’, School of Development Studies, East Anglia, mimeo.Google Scholar
  20. Hogendom, J. S., (1970), ‘The origins of the groundnut trade in Northern Nigeria’, in C. K. Eicher and C. Liedholm (eds), Growth and Development of the Nigerian Economy, Michigan.Google Scholar
  21. Johnson, M. (1976), ‘Calico caravans: Tripoli-Kano trade after 1880’, Journal of African History, 17, 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lovejoy, P. and Baier, S. (1975), ‘The desert-side economy of the Central Sudan’, The International Journal of African Historical Studies, 18. 3.Google Scholar
  23. Nicolas, G. (1974), ‘La pratique traditionelle du crédit au sein d’une société subsaharienne (Vallée de Maradi, Niger)’, Cultures et développement, 6, 4.Google Scholar
  24. Nicolas, G. (1975), Dynamique sociale et appréhension du monde au sein d’une société Hausa, Paris.Google Scholar
  25. Niger, République du (1971), Projet de développement du département de Zinder: augmentation des ressources agricoles des arrondissements de Mirriah, Magaria et Matameye, Ministère de l’Economie Rurale, Niamey.Google Scholar
  26. Niger, République du (n.d.), Rapport d’activités: animation féminine, Ministère du Développement, Direction de l’Animation au Développement, Niamey.Google Scholar
  27. Péhaut, Y. (1976), Les oléagineux dans les pays d’Afrique Occidentale associés au marché commun, vols. 1 & 2, Paris.Google Scholar
  28. Péhaut, Y. (1978), ‘L’évolution des structures de commercialisation des produits agricoles en Afrique noire’, Les cahiers d’outre-mer, 124.Google Scholar
  29. Rash, Y. (1972), ‘Les colonisateurs sans enthousiasme: les premières années françaises au Damergou’, Revue française d’histoire d’outre-mer, 59, 214.Google Scholar
  30. Raynaut, C. (1968), ‘Aspects socio-économiques de la préparation et de la circulation de la nourriture dans un village hausa (Niger)’, Cahiers d’études africaines, 17, 4.Google Scholar
  31. Raynaut, C. (1975a), ‘Le cas de la région du Maradi (Niger)’, in J. Copans (ed.), Sécheresses et famines du Sahel vol. 2, Paris.Google Scholar
  32. Raynaut, C. (1975b), ‘Circulation monétaire et évolution des structures socio-économiques chez les Haoussa du Niger’, publication provisoire, Centre d’études et de recherches ethnologiques, Université de Bordeaux II, Bordeaux.Google Scholar
  33. Raynaut, C. (1976), ‘Transformation du système de production et inégalité économique: le cas d’un village haussa (Niger)’, Canadian Journal of African Studies, 10, 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Roberts, P. (1977), Rural development in the Department of Zinder, Niger Republic: an evaluation report, European Economic Community, Brussels.Google Scholar
  35. Roberts, P. (1979), ‘The integration of women into the development process: some conceptual problems’, Bulletin of the Institute of Development Studies, 10, 3.Google Scholar
  36. Roberts, S. (1963), The History of French Colonial Policy 1870–1925 (1st ed. 1929), London.Google Scholar
  37. Salifou, A. (1971), Le Damagaram ou Sultanat de Zinder au XIXe siècle, Centre Nigérien de Recherches en Sciences Humaines, Niamey.Google Scholar
  38. Séré de Rivières, R. (1952), Le Niger, Paris.Google Scholar
  39. Séré de Rivières, R. (1965), Histoire du Niger, Paris.Google Scholar
  40. Spittler, G. (1977), ‘Urban exodus, urban-rural and rural-rural migration in Gobir (Niger)’, Sociologica Ruralis, 17, 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Suret-Canale, J. (1971), French Colonialism in Tropical Africa 1900–1945, London.Google Scholar
  42. Thompson, V. and Adloff, R. (1958) French West Africa, London.Google Scholar
  43. UNCC (Union Nigerienne de crédit et de coopération) (1975), Rapport d’activités 1974/5, Niamey.Google Scholar
  44. West Africa, London.Google Scholar
  45. World Bank (1975), ‘Rural development’, sector paper in The Assault on World Poverty, Baltimore and London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pepe Roberts 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pepe Roberts

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations