General and Specific Labour

  • David McLellan


Considered in the act of production itself, the labour of the individual is used by him as money to buy the product directly, that is, the object of his own activity; but it is particular money, used to buy this particular product. In order to be money in general, it must originate from general and not special labour; that is, it must originally be established as an element of general production. But on this presupposition it is not basically exchange that gives it its general character, but its presupposed social character will determine its participation in the products. The social character of production would make the product from the start a collective and general product. The exchange originally found in production — which is an exchange not of exchange values but of activities determined by communal needs and communal aims — would from the start imply the participation of individuals in the collective world of products.


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Copyright information

© David McLellan 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • David McLellan
    • 1
  1. 1.University of KentCanterburyUK

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