International Technology Issues: Southern Needs and Northern Responses

  • Gerald K. Helleiner


Although no one minimises the importance of foreign exchange earnings, capital inflows, or domestic savings, there has recently been a relative shift in emphasis in the less developed countries toward the role of technology in development efforts. In many less developed countries, the possibilities of raising capital either at home or abroad now look less daunting than the problems associated with technological progress. There has emerged, in consequence of these new perceptions, a new set of issues for international debate and resolution—issues that, unlike those of commodity policy, market access, monetary reform, or aid, were scarcely heard of only a decade or so ago.


Develop Country Technology Transfer Direct Investment Multinational Firm World Intellectual Property Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Behrman, Jack N., and Harvey Wallender, ‘Technology Transfers to Wholly-Owned Affiliates: An Illustration of the Obstacles to Controls.’ Paper presented to International Studies Association (Toronto: 1976) mimeo.Google Scholar
  2. Cohen, Benjamin, I., Multinational Firms and Asian Exports ( New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1975 ).Google Scholar
  3. Cooper, Charles, ‘Choice of Techniques and Technological Change as Problems in Political Economy,’ International Social Science Journal, vol. 25, no. 3 (1973).Google Scholar
  4. Council of the Americas and Fund for Multinational Management Education, Codes of Conduct for the Transfer of Technology: A Critique (New York: n. d.) mimeo.Google Scholar
  5. de Cubas, Jose, Technology Transfer and the Developing Nations ( New York: Council of the Americas and Fund for Multinational Management Education, 1974 ).Google Scholar
  6. Evenson, Robert, ‘Technology Generation in Agriculture’ in Lloyd Reynolds (ed.), Agriculture in Development Theory ( New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1975a ) pp. 192–223.Google Scholar
  7. Evenson, Robert, ‘Agricultural Trade and Shifting Comparative Advantage’ in George S. Tolley and Peter A. Zadrozny (eds.), Trade, Agriculture and Development ( Cambridge, Mass: Ballinger Publishing Co., 1975b ) pp. 181–200.Google Scholar
  8. Helleiner, G. K., ‘Manufactured Exports from Less Developed Countries and Multinational Firms,’ Economic Journal, vol. 83, no. 329 (Mar. 1973) pp. 2147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Helleiner, G. K., ‘The Role of Multinational Corporations in the Less Developed Countries’ Trade in Technology,’ World Development, vol. 3, no. 4 (Apr. 1975: 1976 ) pp. 161–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. ILO, Employment, Growth and Basic Needs: A One-World Problem (Geneva: 1976).Google Scholar
  11. Johnson, Harry, Technology and Economic Independence (London: Trade Policy Research Centre, Macmillan, 1975 ).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kissinger, Henry, Address before the Seventh Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly (1 Sept. 1975 ).Google Scholar
  13. Lancaster, Kelvin J., 1966, ‘Change and Innovation in the Technology of Consumption,’ American Economic Review, vol. 56, no. 2 (May 1966) pp. 1423.Google Scholar
  14. Nelson, Richard R., ‘Less Developed Countries—Technology Transfer and Adaptation: The Role of the Indigenous Science Community,’ Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 23, no. 1 (Oct. 1974) pp. 61–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Penrose, Edith, 1973, ‘International Patenting and the Less Developed Countries,’ Economic Journal, vol. 83, no. 331 (1973) pp. 768–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Perlmutter, Howard V., and Taghi Saghafi-nejad, ‘Process or Product?: A Social Architectural Perspective of Codes of Conduct for Technology Transfer and Development.’ Paper presented to International Studies Association (Toronto: 1976 ).Google Scholar
  17. Rodriguez, Carlos Alfredo, 1975, ‘Trade in Technological Knowledge and the National Advantage,’ Journal of Political Economy, vol. 83, no. 1 (1973) pp. 121–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Stewart, Frances, ‘Technology and Employment in LDCs,’ World Development, vol. 2, no. 3 (Mar. 1974) pp. 17–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Stopford, John M., and Louis T. Wells, Jr., Managing the Multinational Enterprise ( New York: Basic Books, 1972 ).Google Scholar
  20. United Nations, World Plan of Action for the Application of Science and Technology to Development (New York: 1971).Google Scholar
  21. UNCTAD, 1976, ‘Technological Dependence: Its Nature, Consequences and Policy Implications,’ TD/190, prepared for Fourth Session (Nairobi: 3 May 1976 ).Google Scholar
  22. United States, 1971, ‘Nationalization, Expropriation, and Other Takings of United States and Certain Foreign Property since 1960’ (Department of State, Bureau of Intelligence and Research (30 Nov. 1971 ).Google Scholar
  23. United States, 1974, ‘Disputes Involving US Foreign Direct Investment, 1st July, 1971 through 31st July, 1975’ (Department of State, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, 28 Feb. 1974).Google Scholar
  24. Vaitsos, Constantine V., ‘Foreign Investment and Productive Knowledge’ in Guy F. Erb and Valeriana Kallab (eds.), Beyond Dependency: The Developing World Speaks Out (Washington, D. C.: Overseas Development Council, 1975 ) pp. 75–94.Google Scholar
  25. Vaitsos, Constantine V., ‘The Revision of the International Patent System: Legal Considerations for a Third World Position,’ World Development, vol. 4, no. 2 (1976) pp. 85–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vaitsos, Constantine V., ‘Bargaining and the Distribution of Returns in the Purchase of Technology by Developing Countries,’ Bulletin of the Institute of Development Studies (Sussex: Oct. 1970 ).Google Scholar
  27. Wionczek, Miguel, ‘Notes on Technology Transfer through Multinational Enterprises in Latin America’ Development and Change, vol. 7 (1976) pp. 135–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Gerald K. Helleiner 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald K. Helleiner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations