Comparing Twelve South Indian Villages: in Search of Practical Theory
Recent dissatisfaction with urban-biased macro-planning of rural development has called forth a variety of responses. Among them a common concern is to relate planning at national or regional levels more closely to village needs and conditions. It is not so much a question of adapting programmes and methods of implementation to local circumstances (important as that is) as of reformulating approaches to rural development planning on the basis of improved understanding of economic and social processes, in their interaction at village level. Some very detailed studies of one or two villages, mainly by anthropologists, have given profound and valuable insights, but they do not constitute the kind of general theory referred to by Adelman and Dalton, and which has been the concern of the village studies programme at the Institute of Development Studies (Lipton and Moore, 1972). One approach to the building of such a theory is through the questions: Why are villages so different? And what of it so far as policy is concerned? The possible absurdity of the first question is reduced by the practical significance of the second.
KeywordsMigration Expense Manure Stake Kaolin
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Adelman, Irma and Dalton, George (1971). ‘A Factor Analysis of Modernisation in Village India’ in Dalton, 1971.Google Scholar
- Boserup, Ester (1965). The Conditions of Agricultural Growth, London, Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
- Connell, J. (1973). Migration and the Rural Job Situation: The Evidence from Village Studies, IDS Discussion Paper no. 26, University of Sussex, Institute of Development Studies.Google Scholar
- Dalton, George (1971). Economic Development and Social Change: The Modernisation of Village Communities, New York, Natural History Press.Google Scholar
- Deshmukh, M. B. (1956). ‘A Study of Floating Migration’ in The Social Implications of Industrialisation and Urbanisation: Five Studies, Calcutta, UNESCO; quoted in Lipton, 1964, 142.Google Scholar
- FAO (1974). ‘Population, Food Supply and Agricultural Development’, Monthly Bull. of Agric. Econ. and Stats., 23, 9.Google Scholar
- Lipton, M. (1964). ‘Population, Land and Decreasing Returns to Agricultural Labour’, Bull. Oxford Univ: Inst. Econ. and Stats., 26, 2.Google Scholar
- Lipton, M. and Moore, M. (1972) The Methodology of Village Studies in Less Developed Countries, IDS Discussion Paper no. 10, University of Sussex, Institute of Development Studies.Google Scholar