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Kolkhoz Income and Capital

  • R. W. Davies

Abstract

The kolkhoz, like the individual peasant economy, was to a considerable extent a subsistence farm: part of the gross production of its socialised sector was used in kind to feed its members and its livestock, to provide seed and so on. This part of production thus became an income in kind, which did not involve a monetary transaction. The rest of kolkhoz production was sold to the state or on the market, and provided the major part of kolkhoz money income. Income in kind and money income were frequently combined and confused in the statistics, which did not always distinguish clearly between the money income of the kolkhoz, and the substantially larger total income in money terms, which included an estimate of the value of the kolkhoz income in kind.

Keywords

Cash Holding Saving Bank Money Income Collective Farmer Peasant Household 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© R. W. Davies 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Davies
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BirminghamUK

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