Peasants and Workers

  • Michael Malet


The expectations of the peasants in 1917 could be summed up in one word — land. Those who had some wanted more, those who had none hoped to acquire some. By 1917 about 40 per cent could no longer make a living out of the land, another 40 could make ends meet, except in a bad year, 20 were relatively well off, a few at the top very well off. These figures correspond to the Bolshevik categories of landless labourer/poor, middle, and rich peasant (batrak/ bednyak, serednyak and kulak). In 1917, the Hulyai Pole peasants, at Makhno’s prompting, had been among the first to take the initiative in seizing landlord land. The militant mood of the majority (remembering that Nestor himself was of poor peasant stock) meant that most of the land was distributed direct to the poor peasants, or used to set up communes. Every peasant, including the kulak and landlord, was entitled to as much land as he and his family could cultivate without the use of hired labour.


Poor Peasant Peasant Movement Militant Mood German Invasion Mutual Caution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Trotski, Kak Vooruzhalas Vol. 2, pt. 1, p. 191.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kubanin, p. 112.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kubanin, p. 113.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Makhno, Russkaya, pp. 173, 174, 175.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kubanin, p. 56.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Arshinov, Istoriya, p. 218.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Trotski, Kak Vooruzhalas, Vol. 2, pt. 1, p. 207.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kubanin, p. 104.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Konevets, p. 82.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kubanin, p. 106.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kolesnikov, p. 324.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Michael Malet 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Malet

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations