Pushkin is often considered a starting-point in Russian literature. He is the father of Russian literature, the creator of modern literary Russian, the first national writer; indeed, nineteenth-century Russian literature and culture cannot be understood without a thorough knowledge of his writings. All this is as true as any set of generalisations may ever be. However a closer examination of his writing, his life and views, and his position in the world, reveals that he represents an ending as well as a beginning. Indeed, one of the main components in his increasingly tragic life was his inability to come to terms with the changing demands placed upon him as a writer, thinker and member of a declining class. Even the year of his birth may be seen as significant: 1799, the last year of a century very different in character and outlook from the nineteenth. Pushkin in many ways remained a product of the eighteenth century, of the Enlightenment.


Political View Civic Virtue Secret Society Folk Tale Ruling Authority 
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© Joe Andrew 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joe Andrew
    • 1
  1. 1.University of KeeleUK

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