In creating his ‘new word’ Dostoevsky attempted to put an end to ‘landowners’ literature’. Chekhov’s life and work can be read as the final conclusion to this tradition. He had no connection with The Contemporary or the ‘natural’ school; he had little concern with the metaphysical ‘accursed questions’; he revitalised the neglected genres of the previous forty years — the short story and the drama — and wrote no novels. Coincidentally his writing career began as those of the ‘giants’ ended. Dostoevsky died in 1881, Turgenev in 1883 and Tolstoy attempted to abandon his own version of ‘landowners’ literature’ after 1880.
KeywordsShort Story Russian Society Penal Colony Religious Movement Social Conscience
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