Politics in a Socialist State
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When the Bolsheviks attained power in October 1917, Russia was at war. After managing to conclude a disadvantageous peace, she was forced into a civil war in the spring of 1918 and by the end of 1918 had to contend with intervention from the Allied powers. The Ukraine was a German sphere of influence until November 1918, then Greens, Reds and Whites fought over its fate. The Ukraine was vital from the point of view of industry and food production. So was the Volga region and the North Caucasus. The Bolsheviks found themselves pinned into an area the centre of which was Moscow. Northern Russia, including Moscow, is normally a food deficit zone.
KeywordsTrade Union Communist Party Central Committee Party Member Party Organisation
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