The Thorax — Lungs, Pleura and Chest Wall

  • Janet E. Husband
  • Ian Kelsey Fry


The standard chest radiograph shows the lungs so well that CT has so far found few applications in patients with lung disease in spite of the striking way in which the lung fields are displayed. The capacity of CT to detect finer variations in density than conventional radiography does, however, mean that CT can detect small lesions such as metastases or minimal parenchymal changes when these are not visible or only suspected on the standard radiograph. CT may also occasionally help to clarify the nature of abnormal lung shadowing.


Chest Radiograph Pulmonary Nodule Bronchogenic Carcinoma Solitary Pulmonary Nodule Pulmonary Sarcoidosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Creagan, E. T., Frytak, S., Pairolero, P., Hahn, R. G. and Muhm, J. R. (1978). Surgically proven pulmonary metastases not demonstrated by computed tomography. Cancer Treatment Reports, 62, 1404–1405Google Scholar
  2. Dunnick, N. R., Ihde, D. C. and Johnston-Early, A. (1979). Abdominal CT in the evaluation of small cell carcinoma of the lung. American Journal of Roentgenology, 133, 1085–1088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Harper, R. G., Houang, M., Spiro, S. G., Souhami, R. L., Geddes, D. N., Morgan, P. G. and Smyth, J. F. (1979). Computerised tomography in the initial staging of oat (small cell) carcinoma of the bronchus. British Journal of Diseases of the Chest, 73, 416Google Scholar
  4. Husband, J. E., Peckham, M. J., Macdonald, J. S. and Hendry, W. F. (1979). The role of computed tomography in the management of testicular teratoma. Clinical Radiology, 30, 243–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jost, R. G., Sagel, S. S., Stanley, R. J. and Levitt, R. G. (1978). Computed tomography of the thorax. Radiology, 126, 125–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Katz, D. and Kreel, L. (1979). Computed tomography in pulmonary asbestosis. Clinical Radiology, 30, 207–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kollins, S. A. (1977). Computed tomography of the pulmonary parenchyma and chest wall. Radiologic Clinics of North America, 15 (3), 297–308Google Scholar
  8. Kreel, L. (1979). Computed tomography of the abdomen and thorax. In Recent Advances in Radiology and Medical Imaging, eds. T. Lodge and R. E. Steiner, Churchill Livingstone, London, p. 61Google Scholar
  9. Mintz, U., de Meester, T. R., Golomb, H. M., Cimochowski, G., Rezai, K., MacMahon, M. B., Sovik, C. and Bitran, J. D. (1979). Sequential staging in bronchogenic carcinoma. Chest, 76, 653–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Muhm, J. R., Brown, L. R., Crowe, J. K., Sheedy, P. F., Hattery, R. R. and Stephens, D. H. (1978). Comparison of whole lung tomography and computed tomography for detecting pulmonary nodules. American Journal of Roentgenology, 131, 981–984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Putman, C. E., Rothman, S. L., Littner, M. R., Allen, W. E., Schachter, E. N., McLoud, T. C., Bein, M. E. and Gee, J. B. (1977). Computerised tomography in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Computerised Tomography, 1, 197–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Raptopoulos, V., Schellinger, D. and Katz, S. (1978). Computed tomography of solitary pulmonary nodules: experience with scanning times longer than breath-holding. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, 2 (1), 55–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Robinson, P. J. and Kreel, L. (1979). Pulmonary tissue attenuation with computed tomography: comparison of inspiration and expiration scans. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, 3 (6), 740–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rosenblum, L. J., Mauceri, R. A., Wellenstein, D. E., Bassano, D. A., Cohen, W. N. and Heitzman, R. E. (1978). Computed tomography of the lung. Radiology, 129, 521–524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Schaner, E. G., Chang, A. E., Doppman, J. L., Conkle, D. M., Flye, M. W. and Rosenberg, S. A. (1978). Comparison of computed and whole lung tomography in detecting pulmonary nodules: a prospective radiologic-pathologic study. American Journal of Roentgenology, 131, 51–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Shevland, J. E., Chiu, L. C., Schapiro, R. L., Young, J. A. and Rossi, N. O. (1978). The role of conventional tomography and computed tomography in assessing the resectability of primary lung cancer: a preliminary report. Journal of Computed Tomography, 2, 1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Siegeluran, S. S., Zerhouni, E. A., Leo, F. P., Khouri, N. F. and Stitik, S. P. (1980). CT of the solitary pulmonary nodule. American Journal of Roentgenology, 135, 1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Solomon, A., Kreel, L., McNicol, M. and Johnson, N. (1979). Computed tomography in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, 3 (6), 754–758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Underwood, G. H., Hooper, R. G., Alexander, S. P. and Goodwin, D. W. (1979). Computed tomography scanning of the thorax in the staging of bronchogenic carcinoma. New England Journal of Medicine, 300, 777–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Janet E. Husband and Ian Kelsey Fry 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janet E. Husband
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ian Kelsey Fry
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute Cancer ResearchRoyal Marsden HospitalSuttonUK
  2. 2.BUPA Medical CentreLondonUK
  3. 3.St Bartholomew’s HospitalLondonUK
  4. 4.CT Scanning UnitBUPA Medical CentreLondonUK

Personalised recommendations