In 1945 the Japanese occupation forces in Korea north of the 38th Parallel had surrendered to the Soviet command, and those south of that line had surrendered to the Americans. Five years later this convenient division of responsibility had hardened to become part of the wider global confrontation between East and West, and after a lengthy period of local military and diplomatic skirmishing the North Koreans invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950. The Security Council of the United Nations called on the North Koreans to withdraw behind the 38th Parallel, and when they failed to do so US forces were committed under UN authority.
KeywordsRail System Ground Force Bombing Attack Korea North General MacArthur
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Notes and References
- 1.General Mathew B. Ridgway, The Korean War ( New York: Doubleday, 1967 ).Google Scholar
- 5.CG FEAF to COS USAF, 10 September 1950, quoted in R. F. Futrell, The United States Air Force in Korea (New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1961 ) p. 55.Google Scholar
- 30.USS Leyte had arrived from the Mediterranean on 3 October. Cagle and Manson, The Sea War in Korea (USNI, 1957) p. 226.Google Scholar
- 40.See David Rees, Korea, the Limited War ( New York: St Martins, 1964 ) p. 167.Google Scholar
- 57.Article by General Weyland, ‘The Air Campaigns in Korea’ published in Stewart, Air Power, the Decisive Force in Korea (1957), reprinted in Emme (ed.), The Impact of Air Power: National Security and World Politics ( New York: Van Nostrand, 1959 ).Google Scholar
- 69.General Mark Clark, From the Danube to the Yalu ( Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1974 ) p. 252.Google Scholar