The Instruments of Soviet Policy

  • Karen Dawisha


Diplomacy, as perhaps the most traditional instrument of foreign policy, can be defined as the interaction between the official representatives of two or more states for the purpose of maintaining or modifying their relations. Diplomacy can be conducted by a variety of means. Prior to the First World War, diplomatic transactions were characterised by secret and bilateral negotiations between ambassadors. However, since that time there has been a growing tendency toward more open negotiations and more active involvement by prime ministers and heads of state. Furthermore, the trend toward regional, international and functional groupings has increased the frequency of multilateral negotiations and ‘parliamentary diplomacy’.1


Foreign Policy Middle East Front Organisation Recipient Government Soviet Leader 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
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  6. 6.
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  8. 10.
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  35. 107.
    R. A. Ul’yanovskiy, ‘Sovremenniy etap natsional’no-osvoboditel’novo dvizheniya i krest’yanstvo’, MEIMO, No. 5 (1971), p. 100.Google Scholar
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  38. 119.
    Charles Issawi, Egypt in Revolution ( London: Oxford University Press, 1963 ), p. 196.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Karen Dawisha 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Dawisha
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SouthamptonUK

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